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What is WordPress?

WordPress is an open source website creation tool known as CMS – Content Management System that you can use to build your website on your own hosting plan.  WordPress makes creating a blog, landing page, online store, eCommerce site, membership & subscription site, forum or other website possible for users around the world. It is based on PHP and MySQL. It is free of cost and you can use it for any personal and commercial website. WordPress is the most popular website creation tool and used for more than 77 million websites. It is licensed under GPL.

WordPress is free ?

WordPress is a free open-source web software but to use it you will need to invest in a website hosting plan which you can find for as little as few $/per month plan, but we recommend spending on a “WordPress Managed hosting” plan for easy maintaining your website.

WordPress is safe and secure?

WordPress is safe and secure to host, build & operate a Website. You do not need to worry about anything still it is required to update your Website with latest WordPress version to avoid hacking.

WordPress available in how many languages?

There are more than 170 local WordPress translations available. Visit the WordPress Polyglots page to check for your language availability and even you can contribute to the translation process.

How do I install WordPress and Update it?

WordPress can be installed manually using installation process. Most shared hosting plans feature installation from your main account page. WordPress is already pre-installed for you. Just log into your WordPress site and at the bottom right corner of your dashboard you should see your current version number.
For WordPress Managed hosting which hosted on Multi site network, host only able to update it for all site.
Updates are easy, as you’ll see them in your WordPress dashboard. To install an update, click on the update icon or navigate to Dashboard > Updates and click the button to “Install Now.” You should see a confirmation screen welcoming you to the latest version of WordPress once installation is complete.

What are minimum requirements to run WordPress?

Here are requirements to run WordPress:
PHP version 7.2 or greater
MySQL version 5.6 or greater OR MariaDB version 10.0 or greater
HTTPS support(Recommended)
Operating System – Cross-platform
Browser Support – IE (Internet Explorer 8+), Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera
Apache or Nginx are recommended for WordPress, but any server that supports PHP and MySQL will do
Web Servers –
WAMP (Windows)
LAMP (Linux)
XAMP (Multi-platform)
MAMP (Macintosh)

List some Important Features of WordPress?

Here are some of the features of WordPress :
Simplicity – it’s quick and easy to use.
Easier publishing tools– you can easily manage your content.
Search Engine Optimized.
Easy User Management.
Media Management – quick and easy image upload.
Easy Theme System and functionality extension with Plugins.
Easy Installation and Upgrades.
Flexibility – you can create everything from blogs to business or Multi vendor websites.
Multilingual Support.
Multi Currency Support.

What are the steps for installing WordPress?

Please follow the below steps for installing WordPress :
Download WordPress from “www.WordPress.org”.
Extract the downloaded files and upload it on your web server or localhost.
Open web browser and navigate to WordPress file path. Then you see the WordPress installer.
Please select your preferred language.
Feed the information needed for the database before proceeding the WordPress installation.
Enter the details of your Mysql database.
WordPress checks the details and gives you a confirmation screen.
Next you must enter the administration details.
Next click on “Install WordPress” button.
After successful installation, you get a screen saying “success”.
Enter your username and password and click “login”.

Do I need to know how to code to use WordPress?

Most WordPress users are not developers since there’s no need to learn complicated CSS or PHP when there are many feature rich themes and plugins to make changes in your website easier. The easiest way to change the look of your WordPress website is with a new theme. A WordPress theme is like a style skin for your website. Your theme will give your website a unique look and depending on what’s included in the theme it may add features for customization like colors, fonts, menus, widgets, pages, post types, post formats, header, footer, logo, favicon and much more.

What is WordPress Theme?

Theme is a collection of templates and style sheets used to define the appearance and display of a WordPress powered website. They can be changed, managed, and added from the WordPress admin area under Appearance » Themes. There are several free and paid WordPress Themes available. WordPress.org has a large collection of free ones in their Themes Directory.

What are WordPress Plugins?

WordPress Plugins are a piece of code that contains one or more functions written to extend and add to the functionality of an existing WordPress website. The core of WordPress is designed to be lean and lightweight, to maximize flexibility and minimize code bloat. Plugins then offer custom functions and features so that each user can tailor their site to their specific needs. WordPress offers a huge variety of plugins for maximum flexibility when it comes to creating a website. You can add spam protection, social networking, complex galleries, calendars, forums, and hundreds of other plugins and features. You can read more about free plugins at WordPress.org Plugins section.

How do I install a WordPress theme?

To install a new theme log into your WordPress website and navigate to
Appearance > Themes > Add New
From here you can either browse free themes that are available via WordPress.org or you can click on the “Upload Theme” button to upload the zip file for a theme you’ve downloaded or purchased elsewhere.
Under our WordPress Managed Hosting, we have already uploaded premium themes which will help you developing your site better.

Getting an error while try to install WordPress theme, what do I do?

There are a few common errors when installing a WordPress theme, but the most common is Missing Style sheet. This means you tried to install the wrong file or folder. Your best bet is to double check that you’re uploading the install-able theme zip file. Another common error is a white screen when you attempt to install a new theme. This often means you need to increase your server memory limit. Some hosting companies have an option in the main admin or cPanel/Plesk settings, but you can always contact your hosting support team for help.

Where is WordPress content stored?

WordPress contents are stored in MySQL/MariaDB database on Server.

How do I install a WordPress plugin?

Installing a plugin is very easy. From your WordPress dashboard go to Plugins > Add New. From here you can use the search to locate a free plugin from WordPress.org to install or you can click the “Upload Plugin” button to upload the zip file for a plugin you’ve purchased or downloaded from a third party.

What are disadvantages/limitation for WordPress website?

Following are some disadvantages of WordPress:
Using several plugins can make the website heavy to load and run.
PHP knowledge is required to make modifications or changes in the WordPress website.
Sometimes software needs to be updated to keep the WordPress up to date with the current browsers and mobile devices. Updating WordPress version leads to loss of data, so a backup copy of the website is required.
Modifying and formatting the graphic images and tables is difficult.

What components are shown on the Home screen of WordPress?

Dashboard menu: This component of home screen provides the navigation menu options for posts, media library, pages, and comments on the left side of the screen.
Welcome: This component of the home page helps us to customize WordPress theme by clicking on the customize your site button. Also, the center column provides some of the useful links such as creating a page and view the front end of your web page, creating a blog post. Moreover, the last column contains links to the menus, widgets, settings related to comments.
Screen options: This component of the home screen display different types of widgets which can be shown or hidden on some screen. This component also contains the check boxes to show or hide different screen options and allow to customize sections on the admin screen.
Quick Draft: This component of the home screen includes a mini post editor which is used to write, save, and publish the post from the admin dashboard. This include title of the draft followed by some notes about the draft and save it as a draft.
Activity: This component of the home screen shows the latest comments, recent posts published. It also allows you to reply, edit, delete, approve, or disapprove the comments. You can also move comments to spam.
WordPress news: This component of home screen displays the latest news regarding the latest software update of WordPress.
At a Glance: This component of home screen displays an overview of your blogs, posts, number of published posts and pages, and number of comments.

What is the difference between Posts and Pages?

Pages are static, they are not listed by date, and they don’t use tags or categories. They are permanent and timeless unless you delete them. As WordPress pages are static and do not frequently change such as contact us, about us, privacy policy. They don’t have a date and time published. However, the database stores their published date and time.
Posts are timed and listed in chronological order with the latest posts at the top. Posts are meant to be shared and commented on. The exception is sticky posts that you can create if you want them to appear at the top. WordPress posts are content published on a site with an exact date and time. They can be categorized systematically by category and tags. They are listed in reverse chronological order on a website.

How Does Debugging in WordPress Works?

We need to know that Debugging PHP code is part of any project and the debug system in WordPress is quite simple. WP_DEBUG is a PHP constant that can be used to enable the debug mode throughout WordPress at any time. By-default it is set to false, so you need to set it to true in the wp-config.php file. Codes :
define( ‘WP_DEBUG’, true );
define( ‘WP_DEBUG’, false );

What is a WordPress taxonomy?

Taxonomy is a grouping mechanism for some posts or links or custom post types. The simplest way to describe a taxonomy is by saying that it is a way to group things together. Default taxonomies in WordPress are Category, Tag, Link Category, Post Formats. You can create your custom taxonomies too.

Is there Limitations in Types of Websites on WordPress?

No, there aren’t any limitations when it comes to the type of websites WordPress supports. From Multi vendor, e-commerce, business sites to photography portfolios to Blogs, you can create basically any site you want.

Is WordPress Good for SEO?

One of the very useful WordPress features is its inbuilt SEO search engine as well as additional plugins that are great for SEO and ranking on search engines.

What is default table prefix for WordPress?

“wp_” is default prefix for WordPress.

How many default tables are there in WordPress?

There are 11 default table in WordPress, those are :
wp_options
wp_users
wp_links
wp_commentmeta
wp_term_relationships
wp_postmeta
wp_posts
wp_term_taxonomy
wp_usermeta
wp_terms
wp_comments

What is the difference between installing and activating a theme?

When a theme is activated it’s what’s controlling your site, while an installed theme is simply part of your theme library and available to activate. To activate any theme please follow:
Appearance (Left Side Panel)  >>> Themes >>> Select the theme which best match to your business.

Which ‘meta box’ is not hidden by default on Post and Page screens?

Featured Image is the meta box that is not hidden by default on Post and Page screens. For showing you need to add a image under featured image and for hiding you need to remove it.

What is the difference between the two URLs(WordPress Address AND Site Address) in General Settings?

The WordPress Address is where to look for WordPress files, while the Site Address is what will be used as the base for creating URLs for web pages.

Is Blog a Must on WordPress?

WordPress was originally a blogging software. However, the answer is a “no”, a blog is not a must on WordPress although having a blog is a plus for SEO.

What Are Custom Fields in WordPress?

Custom fields in WordPress can be assigned to a post for extra information. It is basically meta-data to include bits of information. Custom fields are also known as post meta. Post meta is a feature in WordPress which allows post authors to add additional information at the time writing a post. WordPress stores this information as metadata in key-value pairs. Users can later display this metadata by using template tags in their WordPress themes if required.
Here are some examples of custom fields:
Weather: Cold and Rainy
Currently Playing: Romeo & Juliet
Favorite Cuisine: Indian

What are WordPress Themes & How will you select a WordPress theme?

WordPress theme, you can design the layout and appearance of your website in the front-end with its help. WordPress theme should complement your site. It can be either free or paid. An ideal theme should have qualities like simple, responsive, supports plugins, SEO friendly.

You can pick the one without the restrictions in the number of pages, plugins, and a static homepage. Uncode is one such reliable and multipurpose WordPress theme. This flexible theme easily adapts to the user’s needs whatever it may be a portfolio, a professional website, a creative website and many more. Uncode provides users with various no. of tools to help design pages in no time.

What are the Template Tags in WordPress?

Template tags are used within the Templates to customize your blog. The common types of tags are :
General Tags
Author Tags
Bookmark Tags
Category Tags
Comment Tags
Link Tags
Post Tags
Post-Thumbnail Tags
Navigation Menu Tags

Does Deactivated Plugins Slow Down a WordPress Website?

No. WordPress will only load the active plugins and if there are any deactivated plugins, then it will be same as if they weren’t there.

What are Importers in WordPress?

Importers are plugins that provide the functionality to import a bulk XML file with any number of records. It enables to import Posts, Page, Custom Posts and Users data in an XML file.

Why does WordPress use MySQL?

The following features of MySQL satisfy the use of MySQL in WordPress and make it easy for anyone to host their website.
The widely available database server.
Extremely fast.
Open source.
Free of cost.
Supported by many low-cost Linux hosts.

What is a loop in WordPress?

WordPress uses PHP codes to display posts. This PHP code is known as a loop.

How can you disable WordPress comment?

You can disable the WordPress comment on the dashboard. On the panel, under the options- discussion you find “Allow people to post the comment.” Uncheck this to disable comment.
follow below steps :
Login to your WordPress admin panel.
Go to the Settings menu.
Under Settings menu click on Discussion.
Uncheck checkbox – Allow people to post comments on new articles.
Click on save changes button.

How can you edit a WordPress comment?

You can edit WordPress comment using the dashboard. From the panel, under the Comments option, select edit to edit a comment.

Explain moderate comment in WordPress?

Comments by visitors on a post are not published directly unless the admin provides it. It is called moderation. To change comment moderation setting, select Settings option from the dashboard and check the option “Comment must be manually approved.”

How to allow only registered users to comment on WordPress?

If you don’t want a comment from a new user on your blog, check the option “Users must be registered and logged in to comment” from Discussions under the Settings option.

What is Avatar and Gravatar in WordPress?

Word Avatar is used for a user’s profile image in online communications. Gravatar is a web-based service which allows its users to use the Avatar image.

What is Categories in WordPress?

Categories allow a user to divide its content into different sections. Different topics publishing on a single website can be divided into different groups. It tells a reader what a post is about and they can easily find their content from a lot.

How to convert a category into the tag?

WordPress provides you an option to change category into tag and tag into a category. For this, you need to install Categories and Tags Converter from Import option under Tools section.

What is the difference between WordPress Categories and Tags?

WordPress Categories are in broad range. It helps a user to identify about a blog. It is possible for a post to have more than one category. A post must have at least one category.
WordPress Tags are like categories, but they are used to describe a post more specifically. Tags are not necessary for every post.

How many types of default users WordPress have?

WordPress User role identifies access permission to the users of a WordPress site, like below:
Administrator: They have full rights over a site.
Editor: They deal with the content section of a website.
Author: They only deal with their posts. They can delete their post even after publishing.
Contributor: A contributor doesn’t have the right to publish their post or page. They need to send it to the administrator for review.
Subscriber: Users who are subscribed to your site can log in and update their profile.
Follower: They don’t have any right. They can only read and comment on your post.
Viewer: They can only read and comment on a post.

What is the difference between custom themes and normal themes?

Custom themes are very straightforward to format. You don’t need much technical knowledge to change in the coding part. The custom theme allows for SEO search, but with an SEO plugin available it would not make much difference to a normal theme.

What are Meta-tags?

Meta-tags are descriptions and keywords for displaying website or page information.

What are the plugins you can use to create a contact form in WordPress?

You can use a plugin like Gravity forms or a free plugin contact form 7, WP Forms to create a contact form in WordPress.

What is the difference between WordPress Themes and Plugins?

A theme is an external effect of a website’s presentation and designing. Whereas, a plugin is an interior effect which adds or remove some functions to a site.
You can customize some functionality in themes instead of installing the plugin, but plugins can’t replace themes.

How to reset password in WordPress?

If you forget or lost the password of your account, WordPress gives you an option to reset it through different methods. There are four ways to reset WordPress password :
Change password from the dashboard.
Reset password via email.
Manually reset the password through database via PhpMyAdmin
Using emergency password reset script.

What is the loop in WordPress?

The Loop is PHP code used by WordPress to display posts.

Does WordPress use cookies?

WordPress use cookies and uses them for verification purpose of the users while they log in.

Why is a static front page used in WordPress and how can you create one?

Some users want their WordPress installation to be more than a blog. In order to give their page a look like a real website, the users tend to use a static front page. The static front page in a WordPress can be created in the page section, where the user has to upload a PHP file to the server in the theme folder. And, then later select that is selected as a template, and that ultimately allows you to add any page and look that you wanted for your blog and will remain static.

What is a child theme?

The extension of a parent theme is a child theme. In case you make changes to the parent theme, then any update will undo the changes. When working on a child theme, the customization are preserved on an update. So it’s highly recommended to create child theme for your Parent theme, before starting any type of customization.

How to optimize WordPress site performance?

Optimization increases the speed of your site and gives the best possible outcome. It improves the ranking of a website. There are many tricks to optimize a WordPress site. Some of them are given below :
Use fast CDN as our CDN.
Do Image Optimization.
Reduce Redirects to external URL.
Use a caching plugin for content Optimization.
Enable Browser caching.
Use compression as Gzip.
Use a simple theme/framework.
Keep site updated.
Split long posts into smaller pages.

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